The same inductive mechanism is applied in archaeology, geology and paleontology, by many ways. The method was developed by Willard Libby in the late 1940s and soon became a standard tool for archaeologists.
Ice core sampling normally uses the assumption that the ring bands observed represents years.
One known example where this assumption was used is very misleading.
Ice cores showed the age of a military plane buried in the artic as thousands of years old.
Similarly, dendrochronology measures the tree rings in trees and assumes they represent years.
Beta Analytic uses Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) technology, which gives the most advanced precision and accuracy for Carbon-14 measurements.